Early Life of Einstein
Albert Einstein was born to German parents on 14th March 1879 in Ulm, Germany. His mother thought that he was abnormal because his head was too large compared to other children. He started speaking, that also with difficulty, only by the time he was two-and-a-half years old. He loved to play with mechanical toys and preferred to play alone; thus other children called him ‘Brother Boring’. Even his school headmaster was not happy with him, telling his father that Albert would never be successful, whatever career he took up. His mother made him learn how to play the violin at the age of six years. He, later on, became a talented amateur (non-professional) violinist.
Education and Married Life of Einstein
When Einstein’s parents shifted to Milan, they allowed him to continue school in Munich, but he left the high school there at the age of of 15 years as he felt uneasy with the strictness there. He was extraordinary in Mathematics and interested in Physics. So, he continued his studies at the university of Zurich. There he met a Serbian girl, Mileva Maric, who was also an intellectual. They fell in love and ultimately marrier after Albert found a job on finishing his university studies. But, their family life was not happy despite having two sons. They finally divorced in 1919.
Einstein’s Special Theory of Relativity
Einstein finally secured a job as a technical expert in the patent office in Bern, where he assessed (judged) other people’s inventions. Side-by-side, he continued developing his own ideas secretly. He published his Special Theory of Relativity in 1905, according to which time and distance are not absolute (independent). He derived the world’s most famous formula describing the relationship between mass and energy: E=mc2
In 1915, Einstein published his ‘General Theory of Relativity’. The solar eclipse of the sun proved his theory as correct. He became famous, as his work was considered a ‘scientific revolution’. For this and his other achievements, he received the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1921.
Einstein Works for Peace and Democracy
When the Nazis came to power in Germany, Einstein emigrated to the USA. When the world’s scientists came to know that Germany had developed nuclear fission, they became afraid that the Nazis could build and use an atomic bomb. He was persuaded by a colleague to write to Franklin D Roosevelt, President of the USA, that this development could cause large-scale devastation. This made the Americans develop their own atomic bomb and use it against Japan near the end of the Second World War.
Einstein was shocked by the extent of destruction caused by these bombs and wrote an open letter to the United Nations to stop the arms buildup by forming a ‘world government’. Einstein continued campaigning for and end to the arms buildup and used his popularity to campaign for peace and democracy during the next ten years, till his death in 1955. He was known and celebrated as a visionary and ‘world citizen’ as much as a scientific genius.