Animal Nutrition (Multiple Choice Questions and Answers)

Animal Nutrition

Multiple Choice Questions and Answers

1. Immediately after fat absorption, monoglycerides move into

(a) lymph vessels

(b) blood vessels

(c) villi

(d) chylomicron

Answer: (a) lymph vessels

 2. We take food rich in lime juice, then

(a) action of ptyalin on starch is enhanced action

(b) action of ptyalin on starch is reduced

(c) action of ptyalin on starch is unaffected

(d) action of ptyalin on starch stops

Answer: (b) action of ptyalin on starch is reduced

 3. Feeding on dead and decaying organism represent what type of nutrition?

(a) holozoic

(b) parasitic

(c) saprotrophic

(d) autotrophic

Answer: (c) saprotrophic

4. Which of the following trace element is significant for maintenance of teeth?

(a) Fluoride

(b) zinc

(c) copper

(d) manganese

Answer: (a) Fluoride

5. A person deficient in the visual pigment rhodopsin should be advised to take more of

(a) radish and potato

(b) carrot and ripe papaya

(c) guava and ripe banana

(d) apple and grapes

Answer: (b) carrot and ripe papaya

6. Dental formula is given to show

(a) the structure of molars

(b) number and types of teeth in both jaws

(c) homodont condition

(d) diphyodont condition

Answer: (b) number and types of teeth in both jaws

7. The intake of calciferol is known to prevent

(a) osteomalacia

(b) pellagra

(c) scurvy

(d) xerophthalmia

Answer: (a) osteomalacia

8. Cilia is absent in which part of the human body?

(a) intestine

(b) nasal passage

(c) lining of respiratory passage

(d) none of these

Answer: (a) intestine

9. What is common among amylase, renin and trypsin?

(a) these are all proteolytic enzymes

(b) these are all proteins

(c) these are all produced in stomach

(d) these act at pH lower than 7

Answer: (b) these are all proteins

 10.In ileum, which of the following is absorbed?

(a) vitamin K

(b) monosaccharides

(c) bile salts

(d) fats

Answer: (b) monosaccharides

11. In which of the following, proteins are absent?

(a) pancreatic juice

(b) saliva

(c) bile

(d) intestinal juice

Answer: (c) bile

12. Which one of the following is a nutritionally essential amino acid for human?

(a) glycine

(b) phenylalanine

(c) serine

(d) aspartic acid

Answer: (b) phenylalanine

13.Lactose is a disaccharide of

(a) glucose+fructose

(b) glucose+ glucose

(c) glucose+ galactose

(d) galactose+ galactose

Answer: (c) glucose+ galactose

14. Pepsin acts in

(a) basic medium

(b) acidic medium

(c) neutral medium

(d) all types of media

Answer: (b) acidic medium

15. In stomach of rabbit which layer of muscles is nearest to peritoneum?

(a) submucosa

(b) circular

(c) longitudinal

(d) oblique

Answer: (c) longitudinal

16. Emulsification of fat is facilitated by

(a) bile pigments

(b) bile juice

(c) bile salt

(d) pancreatic juice

Answer: (c) bile salt

17. Glisson’s capsule is found in

(a) liver of frog

(b) pancreas

(c) liver of rabbit

(d) kidney

Answer: (c) liver of rabbit

18.Total number of amino acid found in protoplasm

(a) 8

(b) 12

(c) 20

(d) 10

Answer: (c) 20

19. Which of the following is present in men but absent in frogs?

(a) salivary gland

(b) adrenal gland

(c) thyroid gland

(d) pancreas

Answer: (a) salivary gland

20. In which of the following will you look for E coli?

(a) milk

(b) water

(c) human intestine

(d) soil

Answer: (c) human intestine

21. Which of the following is not a function of vitamins?

(a) digestion

(b) metabolism

(c) growth

(d) none of the above

Answer: (a) digestion

 22. The tusks of elephant are modified form of

(a) canine

(b) molar

(c) incisors

(d) snout

Answer: (d) snout

23. National irradication programme for disease is run by Indian Government. It is caused due to deficiency of which element?

(a) copper

(b) boron

(c) iodine

(d) chlorine

Answer: (c) iodine

24. Vitamin D is synthesized in skin by the action of sunlight on

(a) cholesterol

(b) 7-dehydrocholesterol

(c) cephalo cholesterol

(d) all

Answer: (b) 7-dehydrocholesterol

25. Vitamin K is required for

(a) synthesis of prothrombin

(b) conversion of prothrombin to thrombin

(c) formation of thromboplastin

(d) formation of prothrombinase

Answer: (a) synthesis of prothrombin

26. Formation of glucose from protein is

(a) gluconeogenesis

(b) glyconeolysis

(c) glycogenesis

(d) glycolysis

Answer: (a) gluconeogenesis

27. Which of the following is not a function of liver?

(a) production of bile

(b) production of insulin

(c) glycogen storage

(d) detoxification

Answer: (b) production of insulin

28. Emulsification is the function of

(a) bile

(b) lipases

(c) esterases

(d) proteases

Answer: (a) bile

29. Which of the following is a basic amino acid?

(a) leucine

(b) lysine

(c) methionine

(d) aspartic acid

Answer: (b) lysine

30. Which of the following cannot be isolated from plants?

(a) riboflavin

(b) niacin

(c) vitamin B12

(d) Vitamin C

Answer: (c) vitamin B12

31. In ruminants bacterial actions take place in

(a) rumen

(b) reticulum

(c) omasum

(d) abomasums

Answer: (a) rumen

32. The fats absorbed from the gut are transported to the blood in the form of

(a) liposomes

(b) chemomicrons

(c) chylomicrons

(d) micelles

Answer: (c) chylomicrons

33. Brunner’s glands are found in

(a) stomach

(b) ileum

(c) colon

(d) duodenum

Answer: (d) duodenum

34. Which of the following is non pathogenic bacteria of colon?

(a) Escherichia coli

(b) Balantidium coli

(c) Entamoeba coli

(d) Enterobius vermicularis

Answer: (a) Escherichia coli

35. Most abundant organic compound on Earth is

(a) protein

(b) cellulose

(c) lipids

(d) steroids

Answer: (b) cellulose

36. Which one is correctly matched?

(a) vitamin E-Tocopherol

(b) vitamin D-Riboflavin

(c) vitamin B-Calciferol

(d) vitamin A-Thyamine

Answer: (a) vitamin E-Tocopherol

 37. Organisms which obtain energy by the oxidation of reduced inorganic compounds are called

(a) photoautotrophs

(b) chemoautotrophs

(c) saprozoic

(d) coproheterotrophs

Answer: (b) chemoautotrophs

 38. Hydrolytic enzymes which act on low pH are called as

(a) protease

(b) alpha amylase

(c) hydrolases

(d) peroxidases

Answer: (c) hydrolases

 39. Pulp cavity of teeth is lined by

(a) odontoblast

(b) chondroblast

(c) osteoblast

(d) amyloblast

Answer: (a) odontoblast

40. Thecodont, diphyodont, and heterodont teeths are characteristics of

(a) aves

(b) reptiles

(c) mammals

(d) amphibians

Answer: (c) mammals

41.Vitamin C is helpful in the

(a) formation of visual pigment

(b) growth of bones

(c) treatment of pernicious anaemia

(d) wound healing

Answer: (d) wound healing

42. The total number of canines in the permanent dental set of humans is

(a) 8

(b) 12

(c) 6

(d) 4

Answer: (d) 4

43. Cyanocobalamine is essential for the formation of

(a) RBC

(b) WBC

(c) Lymph

(d) Platelets

Answer: (a) RBC

 44. The delicious food generally makes mouth watery. It is due to

(a) hormonal response

(b) neural response

(c) olfactory response

(d) optic response

Answer: (b) neural response

 45. Cyanobacteria of great nutritive value is

(a) Gleocapsa


(c) Spirulina

(d) Anabaena

Answer: (d) Anabaena

 46. Consumption of meat and eggs over a long period may lead to

(a) vitamin A toxicity

(b) kidney stones

(c) hypercholesterolaemia

(d) urine laden with Ketone bodies

Answer: (c) hypercholesterolaemia

 47. During prolonged fasting the sequence of organic compounds used by body is

(a) carbohydrates, fats, proteins

(b) fats, carbohydrates, proteins

(c) carbohydrates, proteins, lipids

(d) proteins, lipids, carbohydrates

Answer: (a) carbohydrates, fats, proteins

 48. Starch is digested by

(a) peptidase

(b) amylase

(c) lipase

(d) proteinase

Answer: (b) amylase

49. Which one is incorrectly matched?

(a) vitamin C Scurvy

(b) vitamin B2 pellagra

(c) vitamin B12 Pernicious anaemia

(d) vitamin B8 Beri beri

Answer: (d) vitamin B8 Beri beri

 50. Which ones are bile salts

(a) hemoglobin and biliverdin

(b) bilirubin and biliverdin

(c) bilirubin and hemoglobin

(d) sodium glycolate and taurocholate

Answer: (d) sodium glycolate and taurocholate