Animal Tissues (Multiple Choice Questions and Answers)

Animal Tissues

Multiple Choice Questions and Answers

1. The term histology was introduced by

(a) Huxley

(b) Bateson

(c) Mayer

(d) Harvey

Answer: (c) Mayer

2. Where would you find pseudostratified columnar epithelium?

(a) mouth

(b) epidermis

(c) kidney

(d) trachea

Answer: (d) trachea

 3. Epithelial tissues which consists of broad and flat, disc-like cells closely fitted like of a mosaic floor and lines blood vessels is known as

(a) squamous epithelium

(b) epidermal cells

(c) endothelium

(d) pavement cells

Answer: (c) endothelium

 4. The inner surface of large intestine is lined with

(a) muscular tissue

(b) glandular epithelium

(c) mucosa

(d) cuticle

Answer: (b) glandular epithelium

 5. Alveoli of mammalian lung are lined with

(a) simple cuboidal epithelium

(b) ciliated columnar epithelium

(c) simple squamous epithelium

(d) ciliated cuboidal epithelium

Answer: (c) simple squamous epithelium

6. Serous membrane covering the lungs is

(a) pleura

(b) peritoneum

(c) pericardium

(d) serosa

Answer: (a) pleura

 7. Sebum oil is secreted by

(a) sweat glands

(b) mucous glands

(c) sebaceous glands

(d) cardiac glands

Answer: (a) sweat glands

 8. Endometrium is the cellular innermost layer of

(a) blood vessels

(b) uterus

(c) intestine

(d) bones

Answer: (a) blood vessels

 9. Mammary glands are

(a) modified sweat glands

(b) endocrine glands

(c) sebaceous glands

(d) alveolar glands

Answer: (a) modified sweat glands

 10. Tunica albuginea covers

(a) testis

(b) prostate

(c) uterus

(d) ovum

Answer: (a) testis

 11. Horn of Rhinoceros or snout are produced by

(a) stratum corneum

(b) bone

(c) muscles

(d) cartilage

Answer: (a) stratum corneum

 12. Where would you find a mast cells?

(a) adipose tissue

(b) areolar tissue

(c) yellow fibrous tissue

(d) white fibrous tissue

Answer: (b) areolar tissue

 13. Which of the following cells secrete histamine in areolar tissue?

(a) histiocytes

(b) macrophages

(c) osteocytes

(d) mast cells

Answer: (d) mast cells

 14. Name the substance involved in allergic and inflammatory reactions

(a) histamine

(b) histone

(c) collagen

(d) protamine

Answer: (a) histamine

 15. Fibrous tissue which connects the two bones is

(a) adipose tissue

(b) tendon

(c) connective tissue

(d) ligament

Answer: (d) ligament

 16. The tissue which connects bone with muscle is known as

(a) tendon

(b) adipose tissue

(c) ligament

(d) fibrous tissue

Answer: (a) tendon

 17. Camel’s hump is composed of tissue which provides water when oxidized. It is

(a) skeletal tissue

(b) areolar tissue

(c) adipose tissue

(d) muscular tissue

Answer: (c) adipose tissue

18. White fibrous tissue occurs in

(a) bone

(b) ligament

(c) tendon

(d) adipose tissue

Answer: (c) tendon

 19. The membrane covering cartilage is known as

(a) periosteum

(b) perichondrium

(c) tunica tercia

(d) peritoneum

Answer: (b) perichondrium

 20. Which one of the cartilage helps in the easy birth of young ones without damage to pelvic girdle?

(a) hyaline cartilage

(b) fibrous cartilage

(c) elastic cartilage

(d) all the above

Answer: (a) hyaline cartilage

21. Red bone marrow is found in

(a) shaft of long bones

(b) liver

(c) epiphysis of long bone

(d) flat bones of skull

Answer: (a) shaft of long bones

 22. The intervertebral discs between the mammalian vertebrae are formed of

(a) connective tissue

(b) hyaline cartilage

(c) fibrous tissue

(d) calcified cartilage

Answer: (c) fibrous tissue

 23. The crown of tooth is covered with

(a) chitin

(b) dentine

(c) cartilage

(d) enamel

Answer: (d) enamel

 24. The percentage of inorganic and organic salts in the matrix of bone is

(a) 80% inorganic and 20% organic

(b) 60% inorganic and 40% organic

(c) 70% inorganic and 30% organic

(d) 75% inorganic and 25% organic

Answer: (c) 70% inorganic and 30% organic

 25. Haversian system is present the bones of

(a) mammals

(b) fishes

(c) frog

(d) bird

Answer: (a) mammals

 26. The bone marrow is composed of

(a) areolar tissue and adipose tissue

(b) adipose tissue and calcified cartilage

(c) adipose tissue, areolar tissue and blood vessels

(d) adipose tissue and haemopoetic tissue

Answer: (d) adipose tissue and haemopoetic tissue

 27. Blood cells are formed in the bone marrow. The process is known as

(a) haemopoiesis

(b) haemolysis

(c) lymphopoiesis

(d) erythroblastosis

Answer: (a) haemopoiesis

28. A bone is distinguished from cartilage by the presence of

(a) Collagen fibres

(b) Lymph vessels

(c) Haversian canals

(d) Calcified matrix

Answer: (d) Calcified matrix

 29. Sarcolema is the membrane around

(a) nerve fibre

(b) muscle fibre

(c) collagen fibres

(d) heart

Answer: (b) muscle fibre

30. What name is given to the cytoplasm of myofibril?

(a) ectoplasm

(b) ectosarc

(c) sarcoplasm

(d) neuroplasm

Answer: (c) sarcoplasm

 31. Sarcomere is a functional unit of muscle fibre, it is the distance between

(a) Z line and A band

(b) two Z lines

(c) D band and H band

(d) A band and I band

Answer: (b) two Z lines

 32. Dark anisotropic band in muscle fibre is known as

(a) J band

(b) H band

(c) Z line

(d) A band

Answer: (d) A band

 33. Junction between muscle fibres and motor nerve is known as

(a) neuromotor junction

(b) end plate

(c) synapsis

(d) neuromuscular junction

Answer: (d) neuromuscular junction

 34. One of the following elements is essential for contraction of muscles

(a) sodium

(b) Manganese

(c) calcium

(d) potassium

Answer: (c) calcium

 35. Sliding filament theory of muscle contraction was given by

(a) H.E Huxley and A.F. Huxley

(b) Landsteiner

(c) Cori and Cori

(d) Albert Szent Gyorgi

Answer: (a) H.E Huxley and A.F. Huxley

 36. Stimulating intensity at which the muscle begins to show response is called

(a) twitch

(b) all-or-none rule

(c) threshold intensity

(d) latent period

Answer: (c) threshold intensity

 37. Muscle tone is defined as

(a) voluntary resistance to passive strength

(b) stimulated resistance to passive strength

(c) involuntary resistance to passive strength

(d) none of these

Answer: (c) involuntary resistance to passive strength

 38. When repeatedly stimulated, the muscles become gradually less excitable and ultimately ceases to respond. This is called

(a) fatigue

(b) atrophy

(c) rigor mortis

(d) hypertrophy

Answer: (a) fatigue

 39. During rigor mortis there is

(a) permanent irreversible contraction

(b) establishment of permanent link between actin and myosin

(c) loss of ATP

(d) all the above

Answer: (d) all the above

 40. The muscles which do not get fatigued are

(a) striped muscle

(b) unstriped muscles

(c) cardiac muscles

(d) none

Answer: (c) cardiac muscles

 41. Cardiac muscles have the properties of

(a) striated muscles

(b) unstriated muscles

(c) both striated and unstriated muscles

(d) none of the above

Answer: (a) striated muscles

42. The wall of heart is thick due to

(a) epicardium

(b) myocardium

(c) pericardium

(d) endocardium

Answer: (b) myocardium

43. In man there is no cell division after birth in

(a) skeletal tissue

(b) connective tissue

(c) germinal tissue

(d) nervous tissue

Answer: (d) nervous tissue

44. Unipolar nerve cells are found in

(a) brain

(b) retina

(c) cochlea

(d) vertebrate embryo

Answer: (d) vertebrate embryo

 45. A nerve is a bundle of

(a) ganglia

(b) dendrites

(c) synapsis

(d) axon

Answer: (d) axon

 46. Nerve fibres differ from muscle fibres in having

(a) sarcolemma

(b) dark and light bands

(c) myofibril

(d) dendrites

Answer: (d) dendrites

47. Sheath nuclei or Schwann cells and nodes of Ranvier are found in

(a) osteoblast cells

(b) neurons

(c) myelinated nerve fibres

(d) none

Answer: (c) myelinated nerve fibres

 48. Shivering of body and clattering of teeth in winter may be associated with

(a) thermoregulation

(b) vasoconstriction

(c) vasodilation

(d) sweating

Answer: (a) thermoregulation

 49. What happens during exercise?

(a) glucose is converted into glycogen

(b) fat is converted into proteins

(c) glucose is converted into proteins

(d) pyruvic acid is converted into lactic acid

Answer: (d) pyruvic acid is converted into lactic acid

 50. Nature of mammary glands is

(a) exocrine

(b) mesocrine

(c) merocrine

(d) holocrine

Answer: (a) exocrine