Biology – Its Meaning and Relevance to Mankind Questions and Answers

Biology – Its Meaning and Relevance to Mankind MCQ (Multiple Choice Questions and Answers)

Question 1 : The cultures of Alexander Fleming consisted of

A) Streptococcus 

B) Staphylococcus

C) Bacillus

D) Clostridium

Answer : B

Question 2 : Observation of destruction of bacterial culture of invasion of fungus lead to the discovery of

A) Penicillin

B) Chloromycetin

C) Erythromycin

D) Bacteria

Answer : A

Question 3 : Teleology is

A) Doctrine of purpose

B) Finding reason for a natural phenomenon

C) Finding God’s will in natural phenomena

D) All the above

Answer : A

Question 4 : The first step in scientific study is

A) Preliminary examination

B) Hypothesis

C) Identification of problem

D) Observation

Answer : D

Question 5 : In scientific study observation is followed by

A) Hypothesis

B) Identification of problem

C) Preliminary examination

D) Repeated observation

Answer : B

Question 6 : Which is not based on predictive generalisation or repeatable experimentation?

A) Hypothesis

B) Theory

C) Principle

D) Law

Answer : A

Question 7 : Hypothesis is

A) Intelligent guess

B) Reasoned explanation

C) Based on previous knowledge

D) All of above

Answer : D

Question 8 : Theory is

A) Generalisation suppoted by experiment

B) Capable of making valid predictions

C) Capable of obtaining repeatable results

D) All the above

Answer : D

Question 9 : Which is true?

A) Theory is based on experiment while hypothesis is related to observation.

B) Theory is related to observation while hypothesis is based upon experiment.

C) Theory is an intelligent guess while hypothesis is related to observation

D) Theory is related to science while hypothesis is connected to theology

Answer : A

Question 10 : Control experiment is

A) Experiment under fully controlled conditions

B) Experiment in which all parameters are recorded

C) Experiment without material under test

D) Experiment with optimum material under test

Answer : C

Question 11 : Which one is liable to change with new discoveries?

A) Hypothesis

B) Theory

C) Scientific fact

D) Scientific principle

Answer : B

Question 12 : Scientific method is procedure of

A) Observation and hypothesis

B) Observation, hypothesis and testing

C) Observation, hypothesis, testing and theorising

D) Observation and publication

Answer : C

Question 13 : Darwin correlated variations observed in nature to variation found in 

A) Human society

B) Breeding domesticated animals

C) Breeding crop plants

D) Caged animals

Answer : B

Question 14 : Hypothesis under test is called

A) Working hypothesis

B) Preliminary Hypothesis

C) Preliminary experimentation

D) Critical hypothesis

Answer : A

Question 15 : Ginkgo is

A) Evergreen

B) Deciduous

C) Phylloclade

D) Semievergreen

Answer : B

Question 16 : In his experimentation to disapprove spontaneous generation, Pasteur used as control experiment

A) Flasks without broth

B) Flasks with swan necks

C) Flasks with straight necks

D) Flasks without necks

Answer : C

Question 17 : Louis Pasteur proved life to come life in

A) 1852

B) 1862

C) 1882

D) 1896

Answer : B

Question 18 : Living cells were first observed by

A) Robert Hooke

B) Schleiden

C) Schwann

D) Leeuwenhoek

Answer : D

Question 19 : The first statement about cell theory was made by 

A) Dujardin

B) Lamarck

C) Schwann

D) Schleiden

Answer : D

Question 20 : Allied sciences uses

A) Knowledge of basic science

B) Technology

C) Microbes

D) Both A and B

Answer : D

Question 21 : Electron microscope is based on knowledge of

A) Electromagnetic theory

B) Resolution of glass lenses

C) Magnification of glass lenses

D) Refraction of light

Answer : A

Question 22 : Rice originated in

A) Indo-Gangetic plain

B) Narbada Valley

C) Coast along Bay of Bengal

D) Coast along Arabian Sea

Answer : C

Question 23 : Cultivation of Rice started in India around

A) 3000 years ago

B) 4000 years ago

C) 6000 years ago

D) 8000 years ago

Answer : C

Question 24 : Early centers of Rice cultivation in India were

A) Mohindergarh

B) Mehargarh

C) Mahagarh

D) Both B and C

Answer : D

Question 25 : Number of rice varieties developed by ancient Indians was

A) 1,00,000

B) 40,000

C) 21,000

D) 10,000

Answer : A

Question 26 : Ancient Indian medical man who performed rhinoplasty and ophthalmic surgery was 

A) Atreya

B) Agnivesa

C) Susrata

D) Caraka

Answer : C

Question 27 : Rhinoplasty is

A) Plastic surgery of nose

B) Plastic surgery of face

C) Surgery of pinna

D) Surgery of chest

Answer : A

Question 28 : Who performed extraction for the first time?

A) Caraka

B) Dhanvantri

C) Ashwanikumars

D) Susrata

Answer : D

Question 29 : Aristotle is considered

A) Father of Biology

B) Father of Zoology

C) Father of Embryology

D) All the above

Answer : D

Question 30 : Scala Naturae was written by

A) Hippocrates

B) Thales

C) Aristotle

D) Theophrastus

Answer : C

Question 31 : Number of animals studies by Aristotle was

A) 1000

B) 500

C) 250

D) 100

Answer : B

Question 32 : ‘Great Chain of Being’ is

A) Biblian concept of origin of life

B) Hierarchical arrangement of organisms by Aristotle

C) Hierarchical arrangement of animals by Theophrastus

D) Origin of life by Thales

Answer : B

Question 33 : The scientist to first separate shark from mammals was

A) Aristotle

B) Galen

C) Vesalius

D) William Harvey

Answer : A

Question 34 : Dolphin was placed amongst mammals by

A) Hippocrates

B) Empedocles

C) Thales

D) Aristotle

Answer : D

Question 35 : Aristotle studied

A) Gymnosperms

B) Chick embryology

C) Human anatomy

D) Human medicine

Answer : B

Question 36 : Aristotle wrote

A) Historia Animalium

B) De Partibus Animalium

C) De Generatione Animalium

D) All the above

Answer : D

Question 37 : Aristotle belonged to

A) England

B) France

C) Greece

D) Belgium

Answer : C

Question 38 : Vasalius is called father of anatomy because he

A) Studied anatomy of several plants

B) Reinvestigated human anatomy

C) Investigated anatomy of many animals

D) Used microscope for the study of internal structure

Answer : B

Question 39 : Pumping activity of heart was found out by

A)Andreas Vesalius

B) William harvey

C) Malpighi

D) Leeuwenhoek

Answer : B

Question 40 : William Harvey discovered

A) Blood circulation

B) Blood capsules

C) Heart valves

D) All the above

Answer : A

Question 41 : “Micrographia” was written by 

A) Antony Van Leeuwenhoek

B) Carolus Linnaeus

C) Virchow

D) Robert Hooke

Answer : D

Question 42 : Robert Hooke discovered cells in

A) 1665

B) 1695

C) 1735

D) 1765

Answer : A

Question 43 : Leeuwenhoek was

A) Dutch biologist

B) Dutch cloth merchant

C) British naturalist

D) British amateur scientist

Answer : B

Question 44 : Microscope used by Leeuwenhoek, was

A) Simple

B) Compound

C) Dark phase

D) Interphase

Answer : A

Question 45 : Linnaeus is known as

A) Father of cytology

B) Father of taxonomy

C) Father of binomial nomenclature

D) Both B and C

Answer : D

Question 46 : Number of plants described by Linnaeus is

A) 15000

B) 13291

C) 5900

D) 2781

Answer : C

Question 47 : Fossil extinct bird-like reptiles were first found out by

A) Leonardo da vinci

B) Seward

C) Cuvier

D) Sahani

Answer : C

Question 48 : Pasteur proved

A) Spontaneous generation

B) Life from life

C) Struggle for existence

D) Enzyme induced fermentation

Answer : B

Question 49 : Vaccine developed by Pasteur was against 

A) Chicken Pox

B) Anthrax

C) Rabies

D) Both B and C

Answer : D

Question 50 : Pasteurisation is a

A) Sterilisation technique

B) Immunisation technique

C) Fermentation technique

D) None of the above

Answer : A