Extract 1

Directions ( Q.Nos. 1-6) Read the extract given below and answer the following questions.

“Being merchants, the British wanted quick profits, their heavy taxes forced farmers to abandon their fields.

But your men are taking all my crop!

You are still in arrears. If you don’t pay next week. I will send you to jail. Inevitably farmers followed.

Between 1882 and 1836 fifteen lakh Indians died of starvation.”

1. How many Indians died during the year 1822 and 1836 ?

(a)   Ten thousand

(b) Fifteen lakh

(c) Fifty thousand

(d) Forty lakh

Ans. (b) Fifteen lakh

2. What was the reason behind all these deaths ?

(a) Floods

(b) Famines

(c) Earthquake

(d) Volcanic eruptions

Ans. (b) Famines

3. What did the British impose on the Indian farmers?

(a) Heavy taxes

(b) Services taxes

(c) Regulation II

(d) Regulation III

Ans. (a) Heavy taxes

4. Why were the farmers unable to pay arrears ?

Ans. The farmers were unable to pay the arrears because their entire crop was being taken by the British. The famines further destroyed the crop. So, the farmers had no profits but losses.

5. How did the British threaten the farmers ?

Ans. The British threatened the Indian farmers that they would be put into jail if they don’t pay the arrears.

6. What characteristic trait of the British made them earn huge profits ?

Ans. The British were merchants. So, they were good at earning profits by focusing on the dynamics of the market.

Extract 2

Directions ( Q.Nos. 1-6) Read the extract given below and answer the following questions.

“All the time British officers in India drew big salaries and also made fortunes in private business. By 1829, Britain was exporting British goods worth seven crore rupees to India. The British prospered on the Company’s loot while Indian industries began to die. Governor – General Bentinck reported back home-

“The bones of cotton weavers are bleaching the plains of India.”

1.What was the value of the British goods exported to India in 1829 ?

(a) Five crores

(b) Six crores

(c) Seven crores

(d) Eight crores

Ans. (c) seven crores

2. Which Englishman reported the plight of India to England ?

(a) Babington Macaulay

(b) General Bentinck

(c) William Jones

(d) Simon

Ans. (b) General Bentinck

3. What were the reasons behind the prospering British ?

(a) Company’s loot

(b) Killing of Indians

(c) Divide and rule policy

(d) Missionary zeal

Ans. (a) Company’s loot

4. Which lines indicate that the Indians were massively suffering ?

Ans.  The bones of cotton weavers are bleaching the plains of India.

5. How did the Indian industries die ?

Ans.  The Indian industries died out because the British were majorly importing British goods into the Indian markets.

Also cutting the thumbs of Indian craftsmen.

6. Which all reasons were responsible for the British making major profits ?

Ans. The British drew huge sums of money as their salary. They also made money from private businesses. Beside this, they were also partaking the company’s loot.

Extract 3

Directions ( Q.Nos. 1-6) Read the extract given below and answer the following questions.

“Let us not despise ourselves, our ancient culture is great. And we are capable of greater achievements. We must first reform our society. Superstitions have been ruining us. He told his wife Uma- cows are of different colours, but the colour of their milk is same. Different teachers have different opinions but the essence of every religion is the same.

1. Who is the speaker of these lines ?

(a) Tatya Tope

(b) Raja Ram Mohan Roy

(c) GeneraL Bentinck

(d) Begum Hasrat

Ans. (b) Raja Ram Mohan Roy

2. According to the speaker, what was the problem with his culture ?

(a) Fragmentation based on religion

(b) Agriculture

(c) Ancient culture

(d) Lack of education

Ans. (a) Fragmentation based on religion

3. How does the speaker explain the problem to his wife ?

(a) By giving the example of cows and milk

(b) By giving the example of great leaders

(c) By giving example of religious leaders

(d) By giving the example of different teachers

Ans. (a)  By giving the example of cows and milk

4. What did the speaker think about his culture ?

Ans.  According to the speaker the ancient Indian culture was great and the Indians were capable of greater achievements. However, superstitions and differences based on religion were ruining their society.

5. According to the speaker, how could they save their society ?

Ans. According to the speaker, their society needed to be reformed.

6. What were the speaker’s views about religion ?

Ans. The speaker thought that different religions were taught by different teachers, who had varied opinions. However, the essence or the message of all religions was the same.