Growth of Human Population Questions and Answers

Growth of Human Population MCQ (Multiple Choice Questions and Answers)

Question l: Human population 1.5 million years ago was

(A) 1 million

(B) 5 million

(C) 10 million

(D) 15 million

Answer: (D)

Question 2: Human population was 1 billion in

(A) 1 A.D.

(B) 1650 A.D.

(C) 1850 A.D.

(D) 1250 A.D.

Answer: (C)

Question 3: In 1980 human population was

(A) 1 billion

(B) 2 billion

(C) 3 billion

(D) 4 billion

Answer: (D)

Question 4: Current human population (2019) is

(A) Between 4 – 5 billion

(B) Around 6 billion

(C) Around 7 billion

(D) Between 7 – 8 billion

Answer: (D)

Question 5: The present growth rate of humans is

(A) 1%

(B) 2%

(C) 3%

(D) 3.5%

Answer: (B)

Question 6: In 1951 the Indian population was

(A) 360 million

(B) 320 million

(C) 260 million

(D) 2N million

Answer: (A)

Question 7: In 1981 population of India was

(A) 580 million

(B) 840 million

(C) 1032 million

(D) 550 million

Answer: (A)

Question 8: In 1991, the population of India was

(A) 680 million

(B) 840 million

(C) 1032 million

(D) 960 million

Answer: (B)

Question 9: The country where annual growth of population is equal to population of Australia

(A) U.S.A.

(B) Russia

(C) Bangla Desh

(D) India

Answer: (D)

Question 10: Biotic potential is

(A) Number of offspring added in population

(B) Number of offspring borne in a given time per unit of population

(C) Maximum birth rate under ideal conditions

(D) Maximum birth rate under existing conditions

Answer: (C)

Question 11: Maximum physiological capacity to produce offspring is

(A) Biotic potential

(B) Carrying capacity

(C) Birth rate

(D) Population growth

Answer: (A)

Question 12: Environmental resistance comprises

(A) Limitation of food

(B) Diseases

(C) Predation

(D) All the above

Answer: (D)

Question 13: Growth of population is due to

(A) Natality and Emigration

(B) Natality and immigration

(C) Mortality and emigration

(D) Mortality and immigration

Answer: (B)

Question 14: Population size can decrease due to

(A) Emigration

(B) Environmental resistance

(C) Immigration

(D) Limitation of carrying capacity

Answer: (A)

Question 15: Zero population growth means

(A) No new births

(B) No emigration

(C) Gain and loss are equal

(D) No immigration

Answer: (C)

Question 16: Exponential growth occurs when

(A) Biotic potential is high

(B) Death rate is low

(C) Environmental resistance is little

(D) Population is large

Answer: (C)

Question 17: Population is stable

(A) At the end of exponential growth

(B) Around carrying capacity

(C) When environmental resistance is high

(D) When environmental resistance is low

Answer: (B)

Question 18: Malthus wrote an ‘Essay on Population’ in

(A) 1834

(B) 1798

(C) 1858

(D) 1778

Answer: (B)

Question 19: Endemic hunger and chronic undernourishment are found in

(A) Europe

(B) South Asia and Parts of Africa

(C) South Asia and Latin America

(D) South Asia, Latin America and parts of Africa

Answer: (D)

Question 20: Life expectancy has increased due to

(A) Greater availability of food

(B) Better public health care

(C) Greater medical care

(D) Both B and C

Answer: (D)

Question 21: The main reasons for increase in human population are

(A) Fewer diseases and healthy living

(B) Fewer childhood deaths and less number of Diseases

(C) Decline in death rate and increase in longevity

(D) Greater availability of medicines and fewer diseases

Answer: (C)

Question 22: In the modern civilised world, the predator of man is

(A) Tiger

(B) Lion

(C) Man

(D) Eagle

Answer: (C)

Question 23: The population growth rate of India is

(A) 1.1%

(B) 1.5%

(C) 3.0%

(D) 2.0%

Answer: (A)

Question 24: The population growth of Bangla Desh is

(A) 1.0%

(B) 2.0%

(C) 2.7%

(D) 3.3%

Answer: (A)

Question 25: An IUCD is

(A) Copper-T

(B) Condom

(C) Vasectomy

(D) Pill

Answer: (A)

Question 26: At the current rate of growth, human population doubles every

(A) 20 years

(B) 35 years

(C) 45 years

(D) 60 years.

Answer: (B)

Question 27: A sterilisation technique is

(A) Loop

(B) Diaphragm

(C) Tubectomy

(D) Cervical cap

Answer: (C)

Question 28:  A contraceptive is

(A) Condom, cervical cap or diaphragm

(B) Intrauterine device

(C) Pill

(D) All the above

Answer: (D)

Question 29: A contraceptive pill contains

(A) Progesterone and estrogen

(B) Spermicidal salts

(C) Chemicals that cause automatic abortion

(D) Chemicals that prevent fertilization of ovum

Answer: (A)

Question 30: A contraceptive pill prevents ovulation by

(A) Blocking fallopian tube

(B) Inhibiting release of FSH and LH

(C) Stimulating release of FSH and LH

(D) Causing immediate degeneration of released ovum

Answer: (B)

Question 3l: Test tube baby is the one

(A) Who is reared on artificial medium outside the womb

(B) Early growth inside the female body but later growth on artificial medium

(C) Fertilization and early growth on artificial medium but later implantation

in female uterus.

(D) Growth of human baby inside the fallopian tube instead of uterus

Answer: (C)

Question 32: Amniocentesis is

(A) Post natal diagnostic technique

(B) Pre-natal diagnostic technique

(C) Check up of one pregnant woman for any deficiency

(D) Check up of pregnant woman for any reaction

Answer: (B)

Question 33: In amniocentesis

(A) The foetal cells are taken out, cultured and examined for genetic and metabolic defects

(B) The foetus is examined for metabolic defects

(C) The foetus is examined for sex

(D) The amniotic fluid is examined for metabolic defects

Answer: (A)

Question 34: The partner responsible for sex of the child is

(A) Male

(B) Female

(C) Both

(D) At times male and at times female

Answer: (A)

Question 35: First census took place in India during

(A) 1851

(B) 1891

(C) 1921

(D) 1951

Answer: (B)

Question 36: Study of human population is

(A) Demography

(B) Chronology

(C) Population science

(D) Census

Answer: (A)

Question 37: One hundred percent literate state in India is

(A) Goa

(B) U.P.

(C) Kerala

(D) Punjab

Answer: (C)

Question 38: MTP is

(A) Multitrade practices

(B) Malthusian treatise on population

(C) Multiple temporary frequency

(D) Medical termination of pregnancy

Answer: (D)

Question 39: Minimum number of females per 1000 male in India is in

(A) Andaman

(B) Goa 55

(C) J.K.

(D) M.P.

Answer: (A)

Question 40: The state in which number of female is higher than number of males is

(A) Orissa

(B) Kerala

(C) Karnataka

(D) Tamil Nadu

Answer: (B)

Question 41: Ratio of females to males in India is

(A) 880 : 1000

(B) 830 : 1000

(C) 927 : 1000

(D) 930 : 1000

Answer: (D)

Question 42: Population growth in India during 1981 – 1991 is

(A) 35.28%

(B) 48.5%

(C) 23.41%

(D) 13.75%

Answer: (C)

Question 43: Minimum population growth in I991 census of India was recorded in the province of

(A) Punjab

(B) Maharashtra

(C) Assam

(D) Kerala

Answer: (D)

Question 44: Rate of population growth in 1 A.D. is estimated to be

(A) 5%

(B) 3.5%

(C) 1.2%

(D) 0.056%

Answer: (D)

Question 45: Exponential growth phase in human population started about

(A) First century A.D.

(B) 1500 A.D.

(C) 1750 A.D.

(D) 1951 A.D.

Answer: (C)

Question 46: In 2022 population of India at current rate would be

(A) 35 crores

(B) 100 crores

(C) I20 crores

(D) 140 crores

Answer: (D)

Question 47: In 2023, the world population would be

(A) 5 billion

(B) 5.6 billion

(C) 6.2 billion

(D) 8 billion

Answer: (D)

Question 48: In 1991 census birth and death rates per 1000 were

(A) 29 : 10

(B) 44 : 19

(C) 38 : 15

(D) 32 : 14

Answer: (A)

Question 49: Vaginal diaphragm is

(A) Spermicidal

(B) Able to prevent descent of ova

(C) Able to prevent sperm contact with ovum

(D) Ovicidal

Answer: (C)

Question 50: A weakly oral contraceptive is

(A) Mala A

(B) Mala D

(C) Saheli

(D) Saheli-2

Answer: (C)