Indian Agriculture : Land Reforms Questions and Answers

Multiple Choice Questions and Answers (MCQ) on Indian Agriculture : Land Reforms for Civil Services

Question 1 : Which of the following was not introduced in India as part of land reforms ?

a) Zamindari abolition

b) Land ceiling

c) Rent regulation

d) Rural industrialization

Answer : d

Question 2 : Before independence, which land revenue system gave ownership rights to Zamindars ?

a) Permanent Settlement system

b) Ryotwari system

c) Mahalwari system

d) None of the above

Answer : a

Question 3 : Which of the following factors did not hamper the introduction of rent regulation in Indian agriculture ?

a) Higher socioeconomic status of Zamindars

b) Oral agreements between tenants and landowners

c) Lack of security of tenure

d) Demand by tenant to reduce rent

Answer : d

Question 4 : The ownership rights over land could not be transferred to peasants because

1) The purchase price offered could not be afforded by many tenants

2) Threat by landowners

3) Resumption of personal cultivation by Zamindars

4) Oral tenancy agreement

Select the correct answer using the codes given below :

a) 1 and 2 only

b) 2, 3, and 4

c) 1 and 4 only

d) 1, 2, 3, and 4

Answer : d

Question 5 : As part of Zamindari abolition, which of the following activities were covered under the definition of personal cultivation ?

1) Self- supervision to agricultural operations

2) Cultivation by members of the family

3) Supervision by any member of the family of Zamindar

Select the correct answer using the codes given below :

a) 1 only

b) 1 and 2 only

c) 2 only

d) 1, 2, and 3

Answer : d

Question 6 : Which of the following are responsible for the decrease in per capita holding of cultivated land in India ?

1) Low per capita income

2) Rapid rateof increase in population

3) Practice of dividing land among the heirs

4) Use of traditional techniques of ploughing

Select the correct answer using the codes given below :

a) 1 and 2 only

b) 2 and 3 only

c) 1 and 4 only

d) 2, 3, and 4

Answer : b

Question 7 : Consider the following statements relating to the size of land holdings in Indian agriculture :

1) The marginal and small holdings in Indian agriculture constitute more than 40% of the net sown area .

2) Any holding of size more than 5 hectares is considered a large holding .

3) The average size of agricultural holdings has reduced with the passage of time .

Select the correct answer using the codes given below :

a) 1  only

b) 1 and 3 only

c)  3 only

d) 1, 2, and 3

Answer : b