Technology for Medical Application Questions and Answers

Technology for Medical Application MCQ (Multiple Choice Questions and Answers)

Question 1: Which of the following for the first time recorded the human electro-cardiogram?

(A) Hans Berger

(B) William Roentgen

(C) Einthoven

(D) Chardack

Answer: (C)

Question 2: Sonography is also known as

(A) NMR imaging



(D) Ultrasound imaging

Answer: (D)

Question 3: Which of the following technique is used to measure cerebral blood volume?

(A) PET-imaging


(C) CT Scanning


Answer: (A)

Question 4: Which of the following is used to normalize low level heart beats ?

(A) lntra-aortic balloon pump

(B) Pace maker

(C) Medical lasers

(D) Vascular grafts

Answer: (B)

Question 5: Which of the following instruments is used to assist the heart in pumping blood?

(A) Intra-aortic balloon pump

(B) Pace maker

(C) Medical lasers

(D) Artificial valves

Answer: (A)

Question 6: Which of the following has contributed remarkably in designing aids for physically handicapped?

(A) Bloch and Purcell

(B) Chardack

(C) P.K. Sethi

(D) William Roentgen

Answer: (C)

Question 7: Which one of the following techniques is used to study the weaker magnetic fields from the brain?

(A) EEG (Electroencephalogram)

(B) PET (Positron emission tomography)

(C) NMR (Nuclear magnetic resonance imaging)

(D) MET (Magnetoencephalography)

Answer: (D)

Question 8: The various biochemical substances such as urea, cholesterol etc. in body fluids are estimated by

(A) Autoanalyser

(B) Dialyser

(C) Oxygenators

(D) Sonography

Answer: (A)

Question 9: Nuclear magnetic resonance imaging was employed as a technique by

(A) William Roentgen

(B) Bloch and Purcell

(C) Hans Berger

(D) Sethi

Answer: (B)

Question 10: Who is famous for Jaipur foot?

(A) Berger

(B) Chardack

(C) Curie

(D) Sethi

Answer: (D)

Question 11: Multichannel monitors display


(B) Pressure in heart chambers

(C) Pulse

(D) All the above

Answer: (D)

Question 12: An implant is

(A) Pacemaker

(B) Ultrasound image

(C) Oxygenator

(D) E.P.S.

Answer: (A)

Question 13: PET uses

(A) Gamma radiations

(B) Lasers

(C) Positron emitting radioisotopes

(D) A special electron device that boosts up heart beat

Answer: (C)

Question 14: A positron emitting isotope is

(A) 12C

(c) 14C

(B) 11C

(D) 13C

Answer: (C)

Question 15: Which one does not use ionising radiations?



(C) CT

(D) X-rays

Answer: (A)

Question 16: Ultrasound is produced by

(A) Lead beads

(B) Lead zirconate

(C) Lithium chloride

(D) 18F

Answer: (B)

Question 17: Jaipur foot is

(A) A fossil elephant foot found in Aravalli

(B) A fossil human foot discovered near Jaipur

(C) A type of shoes mostly manufactured in and around Jaipur

(D) Artificial foot

Answer: (D)

Question 18: Intra-aortic balloon pump

(A) Inflates during systole

(B) Inflates during diastole

(C) Deflates during diastole

(D) Takes out blood from occluded heat veins

Answer: (B)

Question 19: Blood dialyser is used for

(A) Removing excessive glucose in diabetic patients

(B) Increasing blood quantity in patients having lost blood

(C) Purifying blood in patients with defective kidneys

(D) Replacing blood in patients suffering from blood cancer

Answer: (C)

Question 20: Autoanalyser is used for

(A) Analysing heart defects

(B) Imaging various internal body parts

(C) Estimating requirement of surgical removal or correction

(D) Estimating quantity of various biochemicals in body fluids.

Answer: (D)

Question 21: A blood clot is dissolved with the help of

(A) Intra-aortic balloon pump

(B) Plasminogen activator

(C) Positron emission tomography

(D) Laser beam

Answer: (B)

Question 22: Which one is employed for image making in CT scan

(A) X-rays

(B) Ultrasound

(C) Positrons

(D) Hydrogen ions

Answer: (A)

Question 23: First pace maker was implanted by

(A) Chardack

(B) Bloch and Purcell

(C) Roentgen

(D) Berger

Answer: (A)

Question 24: CAT scanner is

(A) Night vision apparatus

(B) Computerised axial tomography

(C) Computerised automatic tissue scanner

(D) Computerised amplified tissue scanner

Answer: (B)

Question 25: Laser is

(A) Low amplitude surface energy resonance

(B) Low amplitude simultaneous emission of radiations

(C) Light amplified by stimulated emission of radiations

(D) Technique of autosurgery

Answer: (C)

Question 26: Electric potential in various parts of brain is recorded by

(A) CT scan

(B) Electroencephalograph

(C) Electrocardiograph

(D) Sphygmomanometer

Answer: (B)

Question 27: EEG can decipher

(A) Epilepsy

(B) Brain tumour

(C) Blood clot

(D) Both A and B

Answer: (D)

Question 28: Intra-aortic balloon pump is inflated with

(A) Carbon dioxide

(B) Oxygen

(C) Hydrogen

(D) Helium

Answer: (D)

Question 29: Vascular grafts consist of

(A) Rubber tubes

(B) Plastic tubes

(C) Dacron or teflon tubes

(D) Metallic tubes

Answer: (C)

Question 30: MET is

(A) Magneto-encephalographic technique

(B) Metallic emission tomograph

(C) Mixed echographic technique

(D) Multichannel emission tomograph

Answer: (A)

Question 31: SQUID/superconducting quantum interference device is helpful in the study of

(A) Electrical potential of different parts of brain

(B) Electrical potential of different parts of heart

(C) Weak magnetic fields in different parts of brain

(D) Weak magnetic fields in different parts of heart

Answer: (C)

Question 32: In sonography the waves are produced by

(A) Electrical effect

(B) Piezoelectric effect

(C) Sound effect

(D) X-rays

Answer: (B)

Question 33: The cells used in pace maker are those of

(A) Cadmium chloride

(B) Lithium halide

(C) Lead

(D) Zirconium

Answer: (B)

Question 34: Evoked potential synchronous/EPs responses

(A) Measure hearing and vision in infants

(B) Detect silent tensions

(C) Study sensory and neural functions

(D) All the above

Answer: (D)

Question 35: Sonography of heart and great vessels is

(A) Echocardiography

(B) Electrocardiography

(C) NMR imaging

(D) CAT Scanner

Answer: (A)

Question 36: Vascular graft is required in case of

(A) Blood deficiency

(B) Defective pulse generator

(C) Aneurysm

(D) Defective valves

Answer: (C)

Question 37: Oxygenator is

(A) Bubble oxygenator

(B) Membrane/film oxygenator

(C) Liquid-liquid oxygenator

(D) All the above

Answer: (D)

Question 38: Which one can study metabolic physiological processes of tissues?

(A) Sonography

(B) CT scanning



Answer: (D)

Question 39: Which ones are disposable?

(A) Syringes

(B) Blood bags

(C) IV fluid pouches

(D) All the above

Answer: (D)

Question 40: CT is

(A) Computerised tomograph

(B) Compound transmission

(C) Chardack’s technique

(D) Cardiac tracer

Answer: (A)

Question 41: CT was invented by

(A) Bloch and Purcell

(B) Berger

(C) Hounsfield

(D) Einthoven

Answer: (C)

Question 42: First electrocardiogram was recorded by

(A) Einthoven

(B) Waller

(C) Roentgen

(D) Chardack

Answer: (B)

Question 43: First EEG recorded on humans was by

(A) Waller

(B) Einthorn

(C) Berger

(D) Chardack

Answer: (C)

Question 44: A substitute for blood is

(A) Glucose

(B) Perfluorocarbons

(C) Dextrose

(D) Fructose

Answer: (B)

Question 45: NMR is considered better than CT scan in

(A) Ability to obtain images in any plane

(B) Study of tissue metabolism

(C) Not using ionising radiations

(D) All the above

Answer: (D)

Question 46: Prosthetic hand and wrist can be moved by

(A) Myoelectric arm

(B) Jaipur arm

(C) EPs


Answer: (A)

Question 47: Pacemaker was developed by

(A) Berger

(B) Knoll and Ruska

(C) Chardack

(D) Aggarwal

Answer: (C)

Question 48: In diagnostic kit, malaria is tested by

(A) Presence of parasite in RBCs

(B) Antibody-antigen precipitation

(C) Shuffner’s granules

(D) Gametocytes

Answer: (B)

Question 49: Graft of skin from another human is

(A) Heterografting

(B) Allografting

(C) Autografting

(D) None of the above

Answer: (B)

50: Example of an external prosthesis is

(A) Myoelectric arm

(B) Jaipur foot

(C) Both A and B

(D) Vascular graft

Answer: (C)