(NCERT Page 60)
1.Why did the neighbours kill the dog?
Ans. The neigbours killed the dog in anger. They have expected the dog to help them get a treasure, but the dog had rather taken them to a foul smelling dead kitten.
2.Mark the right item.
(i) The old farmer and his wife loved the dog
(a) because it helped them in their day-to-day work.
(b) as if it was their own baby.
(c) as they were kind to all living beings.
Ans. (b) as if it was their own baby.
(ii) When the old couple became rich, they
(a) gave the dog better food.
(b) invited their greedy neighbours to a feast.
(c) lived comfortably and were generous towards their poor neighbours.
Ans. (c) lived comfortably and were generous towards their poor neighbours.
(iii) The greedy couple borrowed the mill and the mortar to make
(a) rice pastry and bean sauce.
(b) magic ash to win rewards.
(c) a pile of gold.
Ans. (c) a pile of gold.
Working with the Text
(NCERT Pages 63 and 64)
Answer the following questions.
1.The old farmer is a kind person. What evidence of his kindness do you find in the first two paragraphs.
Ans. In the first paragraph it is written that the old farmer treated the dog like his own child. He will feed the dog small pieces of fish with their own chopsticks and offer boiled rice to him as much as he wanted. The second paragraph says that to provide food to the birds, the old farmer will often turn up the surface of the ground.
Both these instances proved that the old man was a kind person.
2.What did the dog do to lead the farmer to the hidden gold?
Ans. The dog came running towards the faımer. It kept his paws against his legs and with its head it kept on directing towards a spot behind him.
The old man initially ignored the dog, but it kept on whining and running to and from until the farmer followed it to the spot.
3.(i) How did the spirit of the dog help the farmer first?
Ans. The spirit of the dog came in the farmer’s dream and first asked him to chop the pine tree and make mortar and hand-mill out of it. With the mortar and mill it gave the farmer heaps of gold.
(ii) How did it help him next?
Ans. The dog’s spirit again came in the farmer’s dream for the second time and told the farmer to collect the ash of the mortar and the mill and sprinkle it on the withered trees and they will blossom.
The farmer did this in front of the daimio (the landlord) and was awarded with lavish gifts.
4.Why did the daimio reward the farmer, but punish his neighbour for the same act?
Ans. The farmer had sprinkled the ash over the withered cherry tree and it blossomed. Daimio was pleased seeing the miracle and he rewarded the farmer. His neighbour poured the ash over the cherry tree, but nothing happened to the tree.
Fine particles from the ash entered the eyes of the daimio and his wife. They began to sneeze and cough.
This spoiled the splendour of the procession and so the neighbour was punished by man of the landlord.
Working with Language
(NCERT Pages 64 and 65)
1.Read the following conversation.
Ravi : What are you doing?
Mridu : I’m reading a book.
Ravi : Who wrote it?
Mridu : Ruskin Bond.
Ravi : Where did you find it?
Mridu : In the library.
Notice that ‘what’, ‘who’, ‘where’, are question words. Questions that require information begin with question words. Some other question words are ‘when’, ‘why’, ‘where’, ‘which’ and ‘how’.
- What asks about acting, things etc.
- Who asks about people.
- Which asks about people or things.
- Where asks about place.
- When asks about time.
- Why asks about reason or purpose.
- How asks about means, manner or degree.
- Whose asks about possessions.
Read the following paragraph and frame questions on the italicised phrases.
Anil is in school. I am in school too. Anil is sitting in the left row. He is reading a book. Anil’s friend is sitting in the second row. He is sharpening his pencil. The teacher is writing on the blackboard. Children are writing in their copybooks. Some children are looking out of the window.
Ans. (i) Where is Anil?
(ii) Which row he is sitting in?
(iii) What is he doing?
(iv) Where is Anil’s friend sitting?
(v) What is his friend doing?
(vi) Who is writing on the blackboard?
(vii) What are some children doing?
2.Write appropriate question words in the blank spaces in the following dialogue.
Neha : …… did you get this book?
Sheela : Yesterday morning.
Neha : …… is your sister crying?
Sheela : Because she has lost her doll.
Neha : …… room is this, yours or hers?
Sheela : It’s ours.
Neha : …… do you go to school?
Sheela : We walk to the school. It is nearby.
Ans. When, Why, Whose, How
3.Fill in the blanks with the words given in the box.
how what when where which
(i) My friend lost his chemistry book. Now he doesn’t know …. to do and …. to look for it.
(ii) There are so many toys in the shops. Neena can’t decide …. one to buy.
(iii) You don’t know the way to my school. Ask the policeman …. to get there.
(iv) You should decide soon …. to start building your house.
(v) Do you know …. to ride a bicycle? I don’t remember …. and …. I learnt it.
(vi) “You should know …. to talk and …. to keep your mouth shut,” the teacher advised Anil.
Ans. (i) what, where, (ii) which (iii) how (iv) when (v) how, when, where (vi) when, where
4.Add im- or in- to each of the following words and use them in place of the italicised words in the sentences given below.
patient proper possible sensitive competent
(i) The project appears very difficult at first sight but it can be completed if we work very hard.
(ii) He lacks competence. That’s why he can’t keep any job for more than a year.
(iii) “Don’t lose patience. Your letter will come one day,” the postman told me.
(iv) That’s not a proper remark to make under the circumstances.
(v) He appears to be without sensitivity. In fact, he is very emotional.
Ans. (i) impossible (ii) incompetent (iv) improper (iii) impatient (v) insensitive
5.Read the following sentences.
It was a cold morning and stars still glowed in the sky.
An old man was walking along the road.
The words in italicised are articles. ‘A’ and ‘an are indefinite articles and ‘the’ is the definite
article. ‘A’ is used before a singular countable noun. ‘An’ is used before a word that begins with a vowel.
- a boy • an actor • a mango • an apple • a university • an hour
Use a, an or the in the blanks.
There was once … play which became very successful … famous actor was acting in it. In … play his role was that of … aristocrat who had been imprisoned in … castle for twenty years. In … last act of … play someone would come on … stage with … letter which he would hand over to … prisoner. Even though … aristocrat was not expected to read … letter at each performance, he always insisted that … letter be written out from beginning to end.
(i) a (ii) A (iii) the (iv) an (v) a (vi) the (vii) the (viii) the (ix) a (xi) the (xiii) the (xiii) the
6.Encircle the correct article.
Nina was looking for (a/the) job, After many interviews she got (a/the) jobs he was looking for.
A: Would you like (a/an/the) apple or (a/an/the) banana?
B: I’d like (a/an/the) apple, please.
A: Take (alan/the) red one in (a/an/the) fruit bowl. You may take (a/an/the) orange also, if you like.
B: Which one?
A: (A/An/The) one beside (a/an/the) banana.
Ans. (A) an, a (B) an (A) the, the, an (B) – (A) The, the
Speaking and Writing
(NCERT Pages 67 and 68)
1.Do you remember an anecdote or a story about a greedy or jealous person and the unhappy result of his/her action? Narrate the story to others in your class.
Here is one for you to read.
Seeing an old man planting a fig tree, the king asked why he was doing this. The man replied that he might live to eat the fruit and even if he did not, his son would enjoy the figs.
“Well” said the king, “if you do live to eat the fruit of this tree, please let me know.” The man promised to do so and sure enough, before toolong, the tree grew and bore fruit.
Packing some figs in the basket the old man set out for the palace to meet the king. The king accepted the gift and gave orders that the old man’s basket be filled with gold.
Now, next door to the old man, there lived a greedy old man jealous of his neighbour’s good fortune. He also packed some figs in a basket and took them to the palace in the hope of getting gold.
The king on learning the man’s motive, ordered him to stand in the compound and had him pelted with figs. The old man returned home and told his wife the sad story. She consoled him by saying, “You should be thankful that our neighbours didn’t grow coconuts.”
Ans. Do it yourself.
2.Put each of the following in the correct order.
Then use them appropriately to fill in the blanks in the paragraph that follows. Use correct punctuation marks.
- English and Hindi/both/in/he writes
- and only / a few short stories/many books in English/in Hindi
- Is/my Hindi / than my English/much better
Ravi Kant is a writer and ……………… . Of course, he is much happier writing in English than in Hindi. He has written …….. .I find his books a little hard to understand.
(i) he writes both in English and Hindi
(ii) many books in English and only few short stories in Hindi
(iii) My Hindi is much better than my English
3.Are you fond of reading stories? Did you read one last month? If not, read one or two and then write a paragraph about the story. Use the following hints.
- title of the story
- name of the author
- how many characters
- which one you liked
- some details of the story
- main point(s) as you understand it.
- Tell your friends why they should also read it.
Ans. Do it yourself.