NCERT Solutions

Comprehension Check

(NCERT Page 60)

  1. Choose the right answer.

(i) Mr Willy Wonka is

(a) a cook                                    (b) an inventor

(c) a manager

Ans. (b) an inventor

(ii) Wonka-Vite makes people

(a) older                                       (b) younger

Ans. (b) younger

(iii) Mr Wonka wants to invent a new thing which will make people

(a) younger                                (b) older

Ans. (b) older

  1. Can anyone’s age be a minus number? What does ‘minus 87’ mean?

Ans. No, age cannot be in minus because we all start growing up from the moment we are born. ‘Minus 87’ means the man is 87 years back to his actual age.

  1. Mr Wonka begins by asking himself two questions. What are they?

(i) What is …………..….?

(ii) What lives …………?

Ans. (i) What is the oldest thing in the world?

(ii) What lives longer than anything else? 

Working with the Text

(NCERT Page 102)

  1. (i) What trees does Mr Wonka mention? Which tree does he say lives the longest?

    (ii) How long does this tree live? Where can you find it?


(i) Mr Wonka mentions fir, oak, cedar and Bristlecone pine trees lives the longest.

(ii) Bristlecone pine lives for over 4000 years and one can find them upon the slopes of Wheeler Peak in Nevada, USA.

  1. How many of the oldest living things can you remember from Mr Wonka’s list? (Don’t look back at the story!) Do you think all these things really exist, or are some of them purely imaginary?

Ans. Mr Wonka has mentioned some very oldest things.

He said he had collected a pint a pint of sap from a 4000 years Bristlecone pine tree, toe-nail. clippings from a 168 years old Russian Farmer, an egg laid by a 200 years old tortoise, the tail of 51 years old horse, whiskers of a 36 years old cat called Crumpets, a flea that lived on Crumpets for 36 years, tail of a 207 years old rat, the black teeth of a 97 years old Grimalkin and knucklebones of a 700 years old Cattaloo.

Very few of these things would have really existed; a majority of them are purely imaginary.

  1. Why does Mr Wonka collect items from the oldest things? Do you think this is the right way to begin his invention?

Ans. Mr Wonka wanted to create an item that will make people older so he collected items from the oldest things. This is in fact a foolish way to begin an invention.

  1. What happens to the volunteer who swallows four drops of the new invention? What is the name of the invention?

Ans. The Oompa-Loompa volunteers was 20 years old before swallowing the drops, he became 75 years old after it. The invention is name Vita-Wonk.

Working with Language

(NCERT Pages 103 and 104)

  1. What do you call these insects in your language?

Add to this list the names of some insects in common in your area.

Ans. Please write there Hindi names yourself. Beetle, Honeybee, Spider, Bee, Butterfly and

Moth are some of the insects found in our area.

  1. Fill in the blanks in the recipe given below with words from the box.
shred                                 cooker

times                               tomatoes

half onion                         oil

Easy Palak Dal


  • One …………..
  • One cup dal
  • Two thin green chillies
  • ……… a teaspoon red chilli powder.
  • Eight small bunches of palak
  • Two …………..
  • Salt to taste

Wash and cut the vegetables; ………….. the palak. Put everything in a pressure …………..

Let the cooker whistle three …….., then switch it off. Fry a few cumin seeds in ………….. and add to the palak dal.


  • One onion
  • One cup dal
  • Two thin green chillies
  • Half a teaspoon red chilli powder
  • Eight small bunch of palak
  • Two tomatoes
  • Salt to taste

Wash and cut the vegetables; shred the palak.

Put everything in a pressure cooker. Let the cooker whistle three times, then switch it off. Fry a few cumin seeds in oil and add to the palak dal.

  1. A ‘family tree’ is a diagram that shows the relationship between the different members of a family. Fill in the family tree below with names, ages and other details you think are relevant (you may even stick photographs, if you have them). Put your family trees up in the class.


 Ans. Do it yourself.

Speaking (NCERT Page 105)

Using Do for Emphasis

Charlie asks, “What did happen?”

This is a way of asking question “What happened?” with emphasis.

Given below are a few emphatic utterances.

Say them to your partner. Let your partner repeat your utterance without the emphasis.

Your partner may also add something to show she/he disagrees with you.

YOU               : I did study.

PARTNER     : You studied I don’t believe you. Look at your MARKS!

YOU               : I did go there.

PARTNER     : You went there? Then …………

YOU               : I do play games.

PARTNER     : ……..

YOU               :He does read his books.

PARTNER     : ……..

YOU               : You do say the most unbelievable things!

PARTNER     : ……..

YOU               : The Earth does spin around,

PARTNER     : ……..

YOU               : We all do want you to come with us.

PARTNER     : ……..

YOU               : Who does know how to cook?

PARTNER     : ……..

YOU               :I do believe that man is a thief.

PARTNER     : ……..


YOU               : I did study.

PARTNER     : You studied I don’t believe you. Look at your marks!

YOU               : I did go there.

PARTNER     : You went there? Then how come I didn’t see you?

YOU               : I do play games.

PARTNER     : You play games? Then why don’t you take part in Sports Day?

YOU               : He does reads his books.

PARTNER     : I don’t think so, because he couldn’t answer my questions.

YOU               : You do say the most unbelievable things!

PARTNER     : What makes you think so?

YOU               : The Earth does spin around.

PARTNER     : It spins? Then why don’t I feel that?

YOU               : We all do want you to come with us.

PARTNER     : Is it? Then why no one invited me?

YOU               : Who does know how to cook?

PARTNER     : Not sure, but I don’t know.

YOU               : I do believe that man is a thief.

PARTNER     : It is hard to believe because he looks so innocent.

Writing (NCERT Page 106)

1.(i) Make a list of the trees Mr Wonka mentions. Where do these trees grow? Try to find out from an encyclopaedia. Write a short paragraph about two or three of these trees.

(ii) Name some large trees commonly found in your area. Find out something about them (How old are they? Who planted them? Do birds eat their fruits), and write two or three sentences about each of them.

Ans. (i) Mr Wonka mentioned the name of the following trees

(a) Douglas Fir           (b) Oak

(c) Cedar                      (d) Bristlecone Pine

Douglas Fir is native tree of Western North America. Its scientific name is Pseudotsuga menziesii. It is also called Oregon pine or Douglas spruce. It is named in honour of David Douglas. He was a Scotish botanist and a collector and was the first one to report about the nature and potential of the species.

Oak trees are native of Northern hemisphere and include deciduous and evergreen species. It is found in abundance in Northern America with over 90 species found in United States and 160 in Mexico. Oak wood has a wide application because of its resistance to fungal and insect attack.

Cedar trees are found in abundance all across the world. Cedar woods have a wide application like used to make pencils. Australian red cedar is highly valued and is used for making furniture and shipbuilding.

Bristlecone pine trees have some species that are more than 5000 year old and are the oldest known individuals of any species. The tree got its name from the prickles on the female cones. They are found in abundance in United States of America.

(ii) Some of the commonly found trees in our area include eucalyptus, mango, neem, pipal and banyan trees. Eucalyptus trees are very tall in structure. They have medicinal properties and are available in large number in our area.

Mango trees are generally planted in houses for their use in religious purpose. It is also planted in large numbers for the fruit. Neem is found in houses as well as parks.

They have medicinal properties and is widely scattered in all across sour area.

Pipal and banyan trees are mostly found in temples. They are worshipped by Hindus. Some of these trees are over 100 years old.

2.Find out something interesting about age or growing old and write a paragraph about it. Following are a few topics as suggested as examples.

  • The age profile of a country’s population- does it have more young people than old people or vice versa? What are the consequences of this?
  • How can we tell how old a tree, a horse, or a rock is?
  • What is the ‘life expectancy’ of various living things and various population (how long can they reasonably expect to live)?

Ans. All living beings start ageing from the moment they are born. The best part with the process of growing old is that we are able to witness many changes. India is one of the most populous nations in the world. In India we have more of youth population than old people.

It increases the productivity and earning capacity in the society. We can guess the age of a tree by counting the rings in its trunk. The age of rock and horse can be identified by carbon dating process. Microorganisms have the shortest life cycle.

Insects too live a short life. Animals like elephant and tortoise live more than 100 years. Life expectancy of human is around 85 years.